Thursday, June 24, 2010

Cognitive Decline Increased in Middle-Aged Patients With Type 2 Diabetes

Middle-aged patients with type 2 diabetes have roughly a 3 times greater decline in certain cognitive functions during a 5-year period than people without diabetes, a new study suggests.

“Cognitive decline should be assessed and monitored in middle-aged people with type 2 diabetes,” write Astrid C.J. Nooyens, PhD, and colleagues, of the Centre for Prevention and Health Services Research, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, the Netherlands.

The study was published online June 2 in Diabetes Care.

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Jun 24, 10 • Diabetes News

Friday, June 18, 2010

Two million Canadians will get diabetes this decade, shows study

Nearly two million Canadians will be diagnosed withdiabetes over the next decade as the number of people considered overweight increases, according to a study released Wednesday.

The study, conducted by the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, examined Canadian population trends to determine how to best prepare for a surge in diabetes cases. It concluded that about one out of every 10 adult Canadians—about 1.9 million people—will develop the disease within the next 10 years, and that public health authorities should start preparing for the glut now.

Dr. Douglas Manuel, the study’s lead author and a senior researcher with the Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, said people who are overweight (those with a body mass index—a measure of body fat based on height and weight—of between 25 and 29) and obese (BMI greater than 30) will make up half of all new diabetes diagnoses.

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Jun 18, 10 • Diabetes News

Lifestyle Changes Can Cut Both Diabetes and Cancer Risk

People with diabetes are at risk of certain cancers, but the exact reason why is still not fully understood. But one thing is known ?? lifestyle changes that prevent or reverse diabetes will also reduce the risk of cancer.

Diabetes, primarily type 2, doubles the risk of liver, pancreatic, and endometrial cancer. It also increases the risk of colorectal, breast and bladder cancer by 20 to 50%. An expert consensus panel of the American Diabetes Association (ADA) and the American Cancer Society (ACS) met to try to understand why and has written a statement published online in the journal Cancer.

???The full biologic link between diabetes and cancer has not been completely defined,??? says panel member Susan M. Gapstur PhD who is the ACS vice president of epidemiology. But there are some clues.

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Jun 18, 10 • Diabetes News

Thursday, June 17, 2010

Preventing Diabetes on a Budget

By all accounts, Frances Vasquez ought to be a diabetic. Raised on a diet of fried steak, fried pork chops and lots of rice, her father, mother and two sisters suffered from the disease. At age 47, Frances herself was overweight and was already experiencing high blood sugar.

But over the past 11 years, Frances has been able to avoid diabetes, and her sugars are now normal. By participating in a ground-breaking, government-funded study, she learned how to make exercise and a healthy diet an integral part of her life, avoiding the insulin injections and heart and kidney problems that Plagued her parents when they were in their 50’s.

“At first it was hard, but I took it as a religious (type of) thing,” she said recently. “If I hadn’t done this, I’d be a diabetic for sure.”

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Jun 17, 10 • Diabetes News

Diabetes Care Devices Market In Brazil, Russia, India & China (BRIC) - New Market Report Published

This market research report analyzes the diabetes care devices market in Brazil, Russia, India, and China (BRIC) over the period 2009-2014. The report categorizes the overall market for diabetes care devices into the submarkets for insulin pumps, self-monitoring blood glucose systems, and continuous glucose monitoring systems.

The diabetes care devices market in BRIC nations was approximately $257.55 million in 2009 and is expected to grow a CAGR of 17.24% from 2009 to 2014, driven mainly by the increasing incidence of diabetes and the corresponding rise in governmental support for diabetes care across BRIC nations. China was the largest diabetes care market in 2009 with approximately $135.65 million, followed for Russia, India, and Brazil.

Market estimates and forecast ; The report provides in-depth market estimates and forecast for diabetes care devices in Brazil, Russia, India and China. It includes estimates and forecast for insulin pumps, self monitoring blood glucose (SMBG) and continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) in each of the four geographies of Brazil, Russia, India and China.

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Jun 17, 10 • Diabetes News

Peptide that triggers diabetes in mice identified

The precise protein fragment, or peptide, that can trigger diabetes in mice has been identified, thanks to researchers at National Jewish Health and the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus.

The finding supports an emerging theory about the origins of autoimmunity, and may lead to new diagnostic and therapeutic strategies in humans.

“Our findings contradict conventional wisdom, which suggests that insulin peptides that are well presented to the immune system trigger diabetes. We believe, however, that the peptide we identified triggers diabetes precisely because it is so poorly presented to the immune system,” said Dr. John Kappler, Professor of Immunology at National Jewish Health. 

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Jun 17, 10 • Diabetes News

Wednesday, June 16, 2010

Two million new diabetes cases coming by 2017

Nearly nine out of every 100 Canadians will be diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes over 10 years, leading to nearly two million new diabetes cases in Canada by 2017, new research finds. That’s on top of the two million Canadians who are currently living with the disease.

Those are the predictions from a new investigative report led by ICES, the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences.

The study used a new research method, looking at Statistics Canada data, to predict new diabetes cases, including tools to identify segments of the population that are most likely to generate the majority of cases. (The study focused only on Type 2, adult-onset diabetes, not juvenile diabetes, which accounts for just 10 per cent of diabetes cases in Canada.)

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Jun 16, 10 • Diabetes News

Diabetes tattoo could make finger-pricking history

Diabetics could be spared the routine of daily finger pricking, as engineers talk about replacing the process with a tattoo that detects their blood sugar levels.

Chemical engineers at MIT are developing the new sensing system, which according to them can measure sugar levels more accurately and less painfully.

The tattoo consists of nano-particles, which are designed to detect glucose and are injected below the skin. 

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Jun 16, 10 • Diabetes News

Monday, June 14, 2010

Diabetic potential to create own insulin

Researchers from the Peninsula Medical School, working in collaboration with colleagues from Glasgow Royal Infirmary and the University of Brighton, have used a unique collection of pancreas specimens taken from patients who died soon after diagnosis of type 1 diabetes to show that they respond to the ongoing process of destruction by inducing their islet cells to proliferate.

The research is published on-line at Diabetologia and is funded by Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation.

The findings are important because, until now, it has been generally believed that, in humans, beta cells divide only very infrequently after the first year or so of life and that they do not readily proliferate once type 1 diabetes is diagnosed. By studying the same unique collection of pancreas specimens that last year led the research team to conclude that some cases of type 1 diabetes may have a viral cause, this current study presents evidence that there is a 10-fold increase in islet cell replication in patients recently diagnosed with type 1 diabetes. A similar response had been seen previously in an animal model of type 1 diabetes by a member of the team, Professor Adrian Bone (University of Brighton) but it was not known if accelerated ??-cell replication also occurs in human patients.

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Jun 14, 10 • Diabetes News

Saturday, June 12, 2010

Diabetes Prevention Have That Cup Of Coffee

Prevention of diabetes has recently been discovered by scientists, which indicate that caffeine is possibly the ingredient mainly liable for the prevention. Association between caffeine and diabetes has been established in the first animal study. The group of scientists who conducted the study are from the Nagoya University in Japan. The scientists study appears in the Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry.

Scientists have documented in past studies that caffeine consumption on a regular basis may just have the ability to decrease the risk of type 2 diabetes. In the United States six million people have the disease and out of that number it leads to 225,000 deaths. The disease is constantly increasing each year. Lab animals are being used to do research on studies where humans can not be used.

Scientists had administered either water or coffee to a group of lab mice which are usually used to study diabetes. The coffee which was consumed had stopped the increase of high blood sugar and also increased insulin sensitivity in the mice which caused the reduction in diabetes.

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Jun 12, 10 • Diabetes News
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